Coronary Artery Disease Oakville

Coronary Artery Disease

illustration showing Hyperlipidemia

What is Coronary Artery Disease?

Coronary artery disease is a very common cardiovascular condition. It is when cholesterol deposits (plaque) within the arteries that feed the heart muscle. The resultant blood flow will be compromised, limiting oxygen rich nutrients to the heart muscle. With the combination of inflammation and other risk factors, this can lead to a more significant blockage, leading to chest pain (angina) or a heart attack. 

graphic showing Coronary Artery Disease

Risk Factors for Developing Coronary Artery Disease

Those who have any of the following risk factors are at an increased risk of developing coronary artery disease:

If you are at an increased risk of coronary artery disease, please speak to your primary care provider about obtaining a referral to C³ for a cardiovascular risk assessment.

What are the Symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease?

Coronary artery disease develops over decades, and symptoms may go unnoticed until a significant blockage develops. Common symptoms include heavy chest discomfort or pressure (angina), or shortness of breath, but can also include jaw pain, left arm pain/numbness, shoulder pain, upper abdominal pain, or nausea and vomiting, and even extreme or excessive fatigue. 

woman holding chest in pain due to Coronary Artery Disease
graphic showing the management of Coronary Artery Disease

Management of Coronary Artery Disease

Management of coronary artery disease focuses on managing the existing atherosclerotic disease and reducing progression of disease by focusing on mitigating risk factors. Depending on the severity of the atherosclerotic disease, management may include optimization of medications, with possible consideration for angioplasty with stent placement or cardiac bypass surgery. 

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Frequently Asked Questions

Following a heart-healthy diet, daily moderate-intensity exercise, and abstaining from smoking are all good methods to reduce your overall risk of developing heart disease. Managing your blood pressure, cholesterol, sleep apnea, and diabetes are also of paramount importance, as an ounce of prevention can go a long way.

Unfortunately, coronary artery disease cannot be cured. However, lifestyle modifications and medications prevent atherosclerotic disease from progressing. The use of angioplasty with the insertion of stents, treat individual severe lesions only and is used in conjunction with medications and lifestyle modifications.  Your cardiologist will work with you to optimize your therapy with the intention of reducing your overall cardiovascular risk, and promoting a healthy lifestyle. 

Still have a question about coronary artery disease? Speak to your doctor about a referral to the Chahal Cardiovascular Centre for a cardiovascular consultation.